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The chambers were neatly cut with smoothed surfaces using the royal cubit as measure.The repositories, such as that under chamber 25, had rough surfaces and a sack-like form, thus it was not intended to be seen.It is located where the Valley of Rephaim and the Valley of Hinnom meet, on the old road from Jerusalem to Bethlehem.
The delicate process of unrolling the scrolls while developing a method that would prevent them from disintegrating took three years.
They contain what may be the oldest surviving texts from the Hebrew Bible, dating from around 700–650 BCE, and are now preserved at the Israel Museum.
Under three of the chambers in the cave there were repositories.
The repositories were used for secondary burial, which means that the bones and other remains of the long deceased body were removed and put into the repository, thus making space for another body on that particular bench.
The scrolls were found in 1979 in Chamber 25 of Cave 24 at Ketef Hinnom, during excavations conducted by a team under the supervision of Gabriel Barkay, who was then professor of archaeology at Tel Aviv University.
The site appeared to be archaeologically sterile (the tomb had last been used for storing rifles during the Ottoman period), but a chance discovery by a 13-year-old "assistant" revealed that a partial collapse of the ceiling long ago had preserved the contents of Chamber 25.