Carbon dating on the shroud of turin
If the shroud was only as old as the radiocarbon date, it would have plentiful vanillin.
If queried for their opinion about the authenticity of the Shroud of Turin, probably 9 out of every 10 people would essentially say the same thing — carbon testing performed in 1988 clearly proved that the religious artifact was nothing more than a brilliantly conceived fraud.
He concluded that the sample used for carbon dating was not representative of the cloth. Moreover, one of the chemical differences, the amount of vanillin, provided a new clue about the cloth’s age.
Samples from the main part of the cloth, unlike the carbon 14 sample area, did not contain any vanillin. After a lengthy peer review process, his findings that the carbon dating was wholly invalid were published in the scientific journal Rogers' published work showing that the carbon dating is invalid has been confirmed by John L Brown, a forensic materials specialist at Georgia Tech in Atlanta, Georgia and by Robert Villarreal and a team of nine scientists at the Los Alamos National Laboratory in New Mexico.
Interestingly, the STURP experiments produced a puzzling mix of results.
I can’t say that I find fault with the Shroud’s critics, because I’ve seen the same evidence.
After all, test results obtained by careful application of the scientific method are really tough to dispute.
And the 1988 tests seemed to prove beyond any reasonable doubt that the Shroud was a forgery.
Even as stubborn as I can be when it comes to accepting “facts” when other people have told them to me, I must concede that when multiple independent tests have reached the same conclusion, it is almost always because they invariably have gotten the answers.
It should be noted that the key word in the sentence above is “almost.” As part of the Shroud of Turin Research Project (STURP) three different laboratories in Zurich, Oxford, and Tucson performed independent carbon dating tests.
They all concluded the alleged fake shroud was supposedly manufactured sometime between 12 AD, ostensibly for no other reason than to fool a lot of people and legitimize belief in the crucifixion and resurrection of Jesus.
These results therefore provide conclusive evidence that the linen of the Shroud of Turin is mediaeval. The radiocarbon measurements were done, not at one laboratory, but at three highly regarded institutions. The results provide not just evidence but conclusive evidence. Finally Ray Rogers, who had accepted the carbon dating, decided to disprove a crazy explanation from what he called the lunatic fringe.
After the results had been leaked, twenty-one scientists from the University of Oxford, the University of Arizona, the Institut für Mittelenergiephysik in Zurich, Columbia University, and the British Museum wrote in a peer-reviewed paper published in Nature in 1989: The results of radiocarbon measurements at Arizona, Oxford and Zurich yield a calibrated calendar age range with at least 95% confidence for the linen of the Shroud of Turin of AD 1260 - 1390 (rounded down/up to nearest 10 yr).