Hebrew coin dating
The coin, showing Nero bare-headed, was discovered by archaeologists from the University of North Carolina digging atop Mount Zion in Jerusalem, the university said this week.The coin was found in rubble outside the ruins of Jewish homes dating to the first century, which the researchers say may have belonged to wealthy members of the priestly caste (Cohanim). Shimon Gibson, the architect who led the study, called the coin “exceptional,” adding that “this is the first time that a coin of this kind has turned up in Jerusalem in a scientific dig.Jesus of Nazareth was considered a Messiah; a century later, Simon bar Kochba.
Archaeologists digging in Jerusalem found a rare gold coin bearing a portrait of a young Roman Emperor Nero issued some 2,000 years ago.
Coins of this type are usually only found in private collections, where we don’t have clear evidence as to place of origin.” He added: “The coin probably came from one of the rich 2,000-year old Jewish dwellings which the team have been uncovering at the site.
The coin has been dated to 56 CE, about 23 years after Christians believe Jesus was crucified, and 14 years before the destruction of the Jewish Temple.
It was minted just two years after Nero, the last emperor in the Julio-Claudian dynasty, acceded to the throne in 54 CE.
In the second century BCE, the Jews were again suffering from repression, and the old prophecies became relevant again.
Some people were looking forward to a military leader who would defeat the Seleucid or Roman enemies and establish an independent Jewish kingdom; others, like the author of the Psalms of Solomon, stated that the Messiah was a charismatic teacher who gave the correct interpretation of Mosaic law, was to restore Israel and would judge mankind.